The Enhancing Effect of γ-Cyclodextrin Inclusion on γ-Tocotrienol-dependent Negative Growth Control of Mesothelioma Cells in a Xenograft Model
Background: Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive cancer with no effective treatment options. Of phytochemicals, tocotrienol (T3), a member of vitamin E, is one of the most potent anti-mesothelioma agents, but the effectiveness in vivo is quite limited, due to its low bioavailability. In this study, we investigated if the oral treatment of γ-T3 inclusion with γ-cyclodextrin (CD) could improve the bioavailability and anticancer activity of the T3.
Findings: Using nude mice bearing MSTO-211H cells (a human malignant mesothelioma cell line), the effect of γ-T3 inclusion with γ-CD on γ-T3 level in tumor tissues, tumor growth, and its related mRNA levels were examined. The difference of tumor growth between the two groups had no statistical significance, but the latter showed a lower tendency compared with the former. In linked with this observation, the level of vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA required for in vivo tumor growth in γ-T3 inclusion with γ-CD group was lower than that in γ-T3 group, on the contrary, the level of γ-T3 level showed an opposite tendency.
Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that the bioavailability of γ-T3 was improved by an oral administration of a novel γ-T3 inclusion complex with CD. Furthermore, the improvement of the bioavailability contributed to the increase of anticancer activity of γ-T3 in vivo.
Keywords: Anti-cancer agent, bioavailability, cyclodextrin, mesothelioma, tocotrienol.
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Copyright (c) 2011 T. Yano, A. Sato, M. Sekine, K. Kashiwagi, M. Ota
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