Phytochemistry and nutraceutical properties of Carica papaya (Linn.): A review
Nutraceuticals derived from a medicinal plant having therapeutic significance are a gift to mankind to acquire healthy life. Carica papaya Linn. (aricaceae) commonly known as papaya. It is a significant fruit tree and is found in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. The extract from various parts of plant especially fruit and leaves contains many phytonutrients viz; vitamin A, B1, and vitamin C, calcium hydrate charcoal, phosphorus, iron, protein as well as some endopeptidases like namely papain, glycyl endopeptidase, chymopapain, and caricain. The extract of this plant is identified to be efficacious against diversified ailments like malaria, inflammation, digestive disorder, Microbes, Fungi, and many infectious disorders. Its prophylactic and therapeutic values enhance immunity and ensure a healthier life. Each part of this plant has its nutraceutical properties.
Keywords: Nutraceuticals, Carica papaya, Papain, Caricain, Chymopapain
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